Zone 1 or Zone 2 Satellite Dish?

 Zone 1 and 2 Satellite dishes

Freesat HD Self Installation Kit

There are two different types of satellite dishes used for Freesat & Sky reception in the UK, zone 1 and zone 2.

Zone 1 dishes are issued to England and Wales, this is because they are closer to the signal footprint (the area a satellite covers). A zone 1 dish has a 45cm diameter. This size satellite dish will work well in England or Wales as the signal is stronger in those areas. Unfortunately using a zone 1 dish outside of England or Wales will show that it cannot receive the best quality signal.

Zone 2 satellite dishes are of a bigger size than zone 1 dishes. The diameter of a zone 2 dish is 60cm this allows places like Scotland and Ireland to receive FreeSat or Sky as a zone 1 dish wouldn’t pick up a good enough quality of a signal. Zone 2 dishes also give you a better margin of signal loss against heavy weather.  Using a zone 2 dish within the United Kingdom you will receive the best quality signal required in order to watch Sky or Freesat. Using a zone 1 dish you will also receive a signal in order to watch Sky or Freesat, however using a zone 2 dish will allow you too still receive signal in bad weather whereas a zone 1 your picture would fade or be none existent because of loss of signal.

Using zone 1 and zone 2 satellite dishes you can receive a signal for FreeSat and Sky. If you are subscribed to Sky and wanting to make a change towards Freesat you can do this very easily. If you have a Sky box and are wanting to convert to Freesat all you are required to do is cancel your current subscription. Once the subscription is cancelled your Sky box will still be used for the FTA channels as your Sky viewing card will enable these channels to be aired.

If you have an old Sky dish on your property you can use that to receive Freesat as both Sky and Freesat are broadcast from the same group of satellites. All you need is a Freesat box, a FTA satellite receiver or a TV with built in Freesat.

All satellite dishes use low noise blocks (LNBs), there are many different types of LNBs. An example of an LNB would be a dual or quad LNB. A dual or quad LNB is used to have a single feedhorn (input) but multiple outputs for connection to multiple tuners. When using the zone 1 or zone 2 satellite dishes having an octo or quad LNB would be better than a dual LNB as the quad and octo LNBs have more outputs. With an octo or quad LNB having more outputs it is possible for them to connect to multiple receivers’ i.e. more than a dual. Being able to connect to more receivers enables the owner of the LNB and dish to have access to multiple channels and shows at the same time so with an octo LNB you can connect 8 Freesat or Sky receivers, this can enable you to have a receiver in every room. This would be extremely handy for a family as they can all watch different channels throughout the house at the same time.

Using a zone 1 satellite dish you will have a limited supply to satellites i.e. you will only receive a good enough quality signal to be able to view something on your TV from the Astra 28 and Eurobird satellites. However if you’re using or have a zone 2 dish you will be able to receive a signal from a greater number of satellites (you must move the satellite to receive different satellite signals). Other satellites that can be used with a zone 2 dish in England and Wales include, Hotbird 13 and Astra 19.

Satellite dishes are made from a small handful of materials such as steel, aluminium, fibreglass and plastic. There are also different types of dishes i.e. solid, mesh and perforated.

All zone 1 and zone 2 satellite dishes are of a steel mesh construction painted a dark grey/black colour. Situations where plastic or fibreglass dishes are useful is installations near coastal areas where the steel construction of standard dishes can be eroded by the salty air, leading to rusty brown dishes. Conservation areas are also ideal locations for clear plastic dishes as these will blend into the background and have less visual impact on the eye.

If you need a satellite dish or would just like some help or advice with what you might need, please contact as on the number at the top of the page or email us at

We have many years of experience installing and selling not only satellite dishes but all things TV Aerial and Audio Visual. We are just a phone call away and are always happy to help!

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